AEN seeks to help students, educators, practitioners and other interested individuals in finding environmental information related to Armenia’s development.
If you have a specific topic you are researching and seek assistance, or if you would like to contribute to this list, please Contact Us.
Armenia-Specific Environmental and Development Issues
Armenia & Karabagh Factbook. Washington, D.C.: Office of Research and Analysis, Armenian Assembly of America. 1996.
Economy and Values Research Center. 2007. “Forest Industry Study: Save Our Forests Campaign.” Yerevan.
Danielian, Lucig and Dallakyan, Ani. 2007. “Report on Nationwide Survey Findings: Deforestation and Protection of Forests.” Yerevan.
Asryan, Armen. 2006. “Mapping Armenian Deforestation: Research Based on GIS and Remote Sensing Technologies.” Yerevan.
Chorbajian, Seta Araksy. 2006. “Deforestation in the Republic of Armenia: A Human and Environmental Crisis.” Bard College.
Dorumian, A. Daniel. 2006. “La Revolucion Verde: La Diaspora y la Reforestacion de Armenia.” Generacion 3, Buenos Aires.
Ettling, Jeff. 2006. “Saving Armenia’s Shikahogh Nature Reserve: The Government’s Plan for a New ‘Strategic’ Road Verses a Coalition’s Fight to Save a Wonder of Nature.” St. Louis.
FAO Forestry Department. 2006. “People, Forests and Trees in the West and Central Asia: The Outlook for 2020 (Final Report on the Forestry Outlook Study For West and Central Asia).” Draft for discussion, Rome.
Harutyunyan, Arpi. 2006. “Disappearing Forests: Illegal Trade in Lumber at Root of Armenia’s Tree Loss.” ArmeniaNow.com.
Sayadyan, Hovik Y. and Moreno-Sanchez, Rafael. 2006. “Forest policies, management and conservation in Soviet (1920-1991) and post-Soviet (1991-2005) Armenia.” Environmental Conservation.
Boudjikanian, Diana Piloyan. “Armenian Independence and Deforestation.” American University, Washington.
Sayadyan, Hovik Y. “Non-Regulated and Illegal Logging in Armenia and Its Consequences,” Yerevan.
Sayadyan, Hovik Y. and Moreno-Sanchez, Rafael. 2005. “Evolution of the forest cover in Armenia.” International Forestry Review.
Oy, Savcor Indufor. 2005. “Ensuring sustainability of forests and livelihoods through improved governance and control of illegal logging for economies in transition.” World Bank Working Document for Armenia,
Wesley, Karla. 2005. “Plant An Idea, Plant A Tree: Armenia Tree Project Environmental Education Curriculum.” Yerevan.
Ministerial Conference on Europe and North Asia Forest Law Enforcement and Governance. 2005. “Ministerial Declaration and Indicative List of Actions.” St. Petersburg, Russia
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2005. “Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005: Armenia Country Report.” Rome, Italy
World Wildlife Fund. 2005. “Forest Strategy For Southern Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Northeastern Turkey).” Tbilisi, Georgia
Tufenkian, Jeffrey. 2005. “Implications of the New Forest Code.” Yerevan
Moreno-Sanchez, Rafael and Sayadyan, Hovik Y. “Evolution of the Forest Cover in Armenia.” International Forestry Review, Vol. 7 (2), 2005.
Vardanian, Gegham. “Wind of Change For Armenian Energy Sector.” Armenia Tree Project. December 19, 2005.
Markarian, Atom. 20 February 2006. “Russian Takeover of Armenian Power Grid on Hold.” Armtown News.
“ESCO Association.” Armenia Energy Efficiency, Demand-Side Management and Renewable Energy Program.
“Summary Education Profile: Armenia.” 1985-2003. EdStat.
“Armenia-City Population.” The Principle Cities and Agglomerations in Asia.
Agriculture and Rural Development
Center for Agribusiness and Rural Development (CARD) Dairy Study from 2005. Proposes methods to develop and viable and sustainable dairy industry using primarily goats.
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) report on Armenia’s Rural Assets Creation Project – note the section on environmental impact, page 50.
Master’s Thesis from Luke Petersen of Utah State University (2010). The thesis offers suggestions on how to create a viable rural tourism industry, specific to the Goris region of Armenia.
GIZ proposal on Local and Regional Economic Development Program (LRED) in Armenia, from 2011. Suggests that the growing disparity in wealth in Armenia necessitates decisive action, such as initiating GIZ’s innovative approached to LRED.
ENVIRONMENTAL LEGAL ACTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA
(prepared by Transboundary Joint Secretariat for the Southern Caucuses)
Republic of Armenia Legislative Foundations on Nature Protection, 29.07.1991
Republic of Armenia Codes
1. Republic of Armenia Land Code, 04.05.2001
2. Republic of Armenia Water Code, 01.07.2002
3. Republic of Armenia Law on Underground Resources, 06.11.2002
4. Republic of Armenia Forest Code, 24.10.2005
5. Republic of Armenia Civil Code, 1998
6. Republic of Armenia Code on Administrative Infringements, 06.12.1985
7. Republic of Armenia Code on Criminal Infringements, 18.04.2003
Republic of Armenia Laws
1. Law on Tariffs of Nature Protection Fees, 20.12.2006
2. Law on Nature Protection and Nature Use Fees, 28.12.1998
3. Law on Tariffs for the Compensation of the Damage Caused to Fauna and Flora due to Environmental Infringements, 31.05.2005
4. Law on Environmental Control, 10.05.2005
5. Law on Specially Protected Nature Areas, 16.12.2006
6. Law on Plant Quarantine and Plant Protection, 27.11.2006
7. Law on Flora, 16.12.2006
8. Law on Underground Resources Concession for Research and Extraction with the Aim of Mineral Exploitation, 27. 11. 2002
9. Law on Purpose-Oriented Use of Environmental Fees Paid by Companies, 11.06.2001
10. Law on Waste, 21.12.2004
11. Law on Fauna, 03. 05.2000
12. Law on Hydrometeorological Activity, 09.03.2001
13. Law on Air Protection, 01.11.1994
14. Law on Expertise of Environmental Impact, 12. 12. 1995
15. Law on Hunting and Hunting Enterprises, 11.05.2007
16. Law on Seismological Protection, 06.07.2002
17. Law on Approval of Annual and Complex Action Plan on Restoration, Protection, Reproduction and Use of Sevan Lake Ecosystem, 14.12.2001
18. Law on Lake Sevan, 14. 07, 2001
19. Law on Substances Depleting Ozone Layer, 18.12.2006
20. Law on Ecological Education and Upbringing of Population, 17.12.2001
21. Law on Unions of Water Users Associations, 01.07.2002
22. Law on Legal Acts, 2002
23. Law on State Non-Commercial Organizations, 2001
24. Law on Local Self-Government, 05.06.2002
Conventions to be joined on the basis of the National Action Plan on Development of Specially Protected Nature Areas of Armenia (2002)
1. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), was investigated to join in 2006 (the justification is under development).
2. Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), was envisaged to join in 2006 (the package of documents was submitted to the RA Ministry of Foreign Affairs).
3. Convention on African-European-West Asian Waterfowl (AEWA), was envisaged to join in 2007 (the package of documents was submitted to the RA Ministry of ForeignAffairs).
INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA
Conventions and Related Protocols
1. Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar, 1971), Ratified by the National Assembly 06.11.1993.
2. UN Convention on Biological Diversity (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), Ratified by the National Assembly 31.03.1993. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, Ratified by the National Assembly15.03.2004
3. UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (New York, 1992), Ratified by the National Assembly 29.03.1993.
Kyoto Protocol (Kyoto, 1997), Ratified by the National Assembly 27.12.2002
4. UNECE Convention on Long-Range Trans-boundary Air Pollution (Geneva, 1979), Ratified by the National Assembly 14.05.1996
-Protocol on Heavy Metals, signed 14.12.1998
-Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (Aarhus, 1998), signed 14.12.1998
-Protocol on Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and ground-level Ozone Formation, signed 01.12.1999
5. UNECE Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a TransboundaryContext (Espo, 1991), Ratified by the National Assembly 14.05.1996
-Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment (Kiev, 2003), signed 21.05.2003
6. UNECE Convention on Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents (Helsinki, 1992), Ratified by the National Assembly 14.05.1996
-Protocol on Civil Liability and Compensation for Damage caused by the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents on Transboundary Waters
(Kiev, 2003), signed 21.05 2003
7. UN Convention to Combat Desertification (Paris, 1994), Ratified by the National Assembly 23.06.1997
8. UN Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal (Basel, 1989), Ratified by the National Assembly 26.03.1999
9. Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (Vienna, 1985), Ratified by the National Assembly 28.04.1999
-Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Montreal, 1987), Ratified by the National Assembly 28.04.1999
-London amendments to the Montreal protocol, Ratified by the National Assembly 22.10.2003
-Copenhagen amendments to the Montreal protocol, Ratified by the National Assembly 22.10.2003
10. UNECE Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (Aarhus, 1998), Ratified by the National Assembly 14.05.2001
-Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (Kiev, 2003), signed 21.05.2003
11. Convention on the prior informed consent procedure for certain hazardous chemicals and pesticides in international trade (Rotterdam 1998),
-Ratified by the National Assembly 22.10.2003
12. UNECE Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Helsinki, 1992), -Ratified by the National Assembly 22.10.2003
-Protocol on Water and Health (London, 1999), signed 17.06.1999
13. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (Stockholm, 2001), Ratified by the National Assembly 22.10.2003
14. Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques (Geneva, 1976) -Ratified by the National Assembly 04.12.2001
15. Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (Paris, 1972), Ratified by the National Assembly 1993
16. European Landscape Convention (Florence), Ratified by the National Assembly 23.03.2004
17. Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern, 19.09.1979), signed 13.03.2006
18. Decision NH-479 (12.02.2000) on ratification of the Convention on Informational Cooperation in the Field of Ecology and Environment
19. Decision NH- 480 (12.02.2000) on ratification of the Convention on Cooperation in the Field of Ecological Monitoring
South Caucasus Topics
Karagiannis, Emmanuel. 2002. Energy and Security in the Caucasus. RoutledgeCurzon Publishers.
Antelava, Natalia. January 24, 2006. “Georgians blame ‘GasPutin’ for crisis.” BBC News Europe.
“Saakashvili Addresses Nation, Amid Crisis.” January 26, 2006. Civil Georgia News.
Kaufman, Stephen. April 28, 2006. “Bush, Azeri President Discuss Iran, Democracy, Energy.” United States Department of State, International Information Programs.
US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration (EIA). June 2005. “Azerbaijan Country Analysis Brief.” http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/azerbjan.html.
Global Development Topics
Klare, Michael. 2001. “Resource Wars.” New York: Metropolitan Books.
Ebel, Robert E. “Energy Choices in the Near Abroad: The Haves and Have-nots Face the Future.” CSIS Report. Washington, D.C.: The Center for Strategic and International Studies. April 1997.
2000. World Energy Assessment: Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability. World Energy Council and the United Nations Development Programme, Bureau for Development Policy, and UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. New York: UNDP.
Meyer, Louise. 2002. “Solar Energy: Powering Craft and Communities.” Solar Household Energy, Inc.
1994b. New Renewable Energy Resources: A Guide to the Future. World Energy Council. London: Kogan Page.
2004. World Energy Outlook. International Energy Agency. Paris: OECD/IEA.
Phillips, W. Scott, Rutledge, James T., House, Leigh S., and Fehler, Michael C. Revised January 2001.“Induced Microearthquake Patterns in Hydrocarbon and Geothermal Reservoirs: A Review.” Seismic Research Center, Los Alamos National Laboratory.
Black, Mr. Charles R. June 24, 2003. “Prepared Witness Testimony. The [US] House [of Representatives] Committee on Energy and Commerce. Future Options for Generation of Electricity from Coal. Subcommittee on Energy and Air Quality.”
“Current News: Chernobyl Health Impact Estimates.” April 26, 2006. Health Physics Society.
Houghton, John. 2004. “Global Warming: The Complete Briefing.” 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Maslin, Mark. 2004. “Global Warming: A Very Short Introduction.” Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Weart, Spencer R. 2003. “The Discovery of Global Warming: New Histories of Science, Technology, and Medicine.” Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
“Ocean Acidification Due to Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide.” June 2005. The Royal Society.
Peace and Conflict Resolution
Galtung, Johan. 1990. “Cultural Violence.” Journal of Peace Research, vol. 27, no.3.
Kriesberg, Louis. 1998. Ch.1: “Varieties and Stages of Conflicts.” Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Marshall, Monty G. and Gurr, Ted Robert. 2003. Peace and Conflict 2003. CIDCM. pp. 1-16, 43-50.